The independent Armenian government selected the colours used during the last period of Rubenid Dynasty , red, blue and yellow. Flag of Lower Saxony. Flag of Northern Ireland. Coat of arms from onwards Checky or and azure within a bordure gules, a canton ermine.
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The Slovenian coat of arms features three gold stars, symbolizing the Counts of Celje. The mountains shown in white are representative of the Alps , and Mount Triglav , Slovenia's national symbol, in particular; the wavy blue lines across the bottom indicate Slovenia's access to the sea. The red and golden-yellow colours were used after that day with mere changes on the coat of arms with the exception of the Spanish Second Republic and are the original colours found within the coat of arms of the medieval kingdoms of Castile , Aragon and Navarre , first united by King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella I of Castile.
The off-centred yellow cross The Scandinavian Cross is taken from the Danish flag. The yellow and blue colours are taken from the national coat of arms. The ' Union Jack ' merges the red cross of Saint George patron saint of England , edged in white, superimposed on the diagonal red cross of Saint Patrick patron saint of Ireland , which are superimposed on the saltire of Saint Andrew patron saint of Scotland.
The flag of Wales , the other country of the United Kingdom , is not graphically represented. Many states have separate civil and state versions of their flags; the state flags listed include the state arms, while the civil versions don't.
See Flags of German states. The flag is rectangular in form and is characterised by the presence of the Trinacria triskelion in the centre. It features a softened image of the winged-head of Medusa and three ears of wheat replacing snakeheads representing the island's fertility.
The three bent legs represent the island's three capes or points, while in mythology it is said to represent good luck and prosperity. The background of the flag is divided by a diagonal from left to right, and is coloured gold lower left and red-orange upper right.
The colours represent the cities of Palermo and Corleone, respectively, the first two to found a confederation against the Angevin rule. The white fleur-de-lys lily is a pun. It commemorates Cornelis Lely, designer of the original polders, essential to the province. Media related to Flags of Europe at Wikimedia Commons. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Flags of Austrian states and List of Austrian flags. List of Belgian flags.
List of flags of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Flags of the regions of France and List of French flags. List of flags of Georgia country. Flags of German states and List of German flags. List of Greek flags. List of Irish flags.
Flags of regions of Italy and List of Italian flags. List of flags of Malta. Flags of provinces of the Netherlands and List of Dutch flags. List of Portuguese flags. Flags of the federal subjects of Russia and List of Russian flags. List of Serbian flags.
Flags of the autonomous communities of Spain and List of Spanish flags. List of flags of Sweden. Cantonal flags and coats of arms Switzerland. Flags of the oblasts of Ukraine and List of flags of Ukraine. List of British flags.
Ethnic Country subdivisions Oceania. Color by number by combination Two-sided Aspect ratio. Retrieved from " https: Lists and galleries of flags Europe-related lists Flags of Europe. Articles with German-language external links Articles containing German-language text All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from January Articles with permanently dead external links.
Top half has six yellow stars in a circle. Flag of the Commonwealth of Independent States. The flag of the Commonwealth of Independent States is blue with the emblem of the organisation in the centre.
Flag of the Council of Europe. A circle of 12 upward-oriented 5-pointed golden stars centred on a blue field: Flag of the European Union . Flag of the Nordic Council. Flag of the Sami people. The flag of Albania , adopted in April , is a red flag with a black two-headed eagle in the centre.
It is derived from the seal of Gjergj Kastriot Skanderbeg , a 15th-century Albanian who led the revolt against the Ottoman Empire that resulted in brief independence for Albania from to The flag of Andorra , adopted in , is a tricolour of blue, yellow, and red with the coat of arms of Andorra in the centre. It is based on the flags of France and Spain. The coat of arms of Andorra is based on the Catalan flag 4-red-coloured ribbons with yellow background. Flag of Armenia [a]. After gaining independence, the First Republic of Armenia adopted the modern Armenian tricolor.
The independent Armenian government selected the colours used during the last period of Rubenid Dynasty , red, blue and yellow. The Red emblematizes the Armenian Highland , the Armenian people's continued struggle for survival, maintenance of the Christian faith, Armenia's independence and freedom.
The Blue emblematizes the will of the people of Armenia to live beneath peaceful skies. The Orange emblematizes the creative talent and hard-working nature of the people of Armenia.
Originally adopted in , was officially adopted again in , after being banned during World War II. Flag of Azerbaijan [a]. Originally adopted in as a flag of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan, was officially adopted again in , after Azerbaijan gained its independence.
Belarus ' flag was officially adopted on May 16, The dominant red and green were colours used on its flag when it was a republic of the former Soviet Union. The woven fabric ornament on the left uses traditional Belarusian red and white colours. The flag was officially adopted on January 23, Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina consists of a wide medium blue vertical band on the fly side with a yellow isosceles triangle abutting the band and the top of the flag.
The remainder of the flag is medium blue with seven five-pointed white stars and two half stars top and bottom along the hypotenuse of the triangle. The three points of the triangle stand for the three nations of Bosnia: Bosniaks, Croats, and Serbs. It is said to represent the map of Bosnia. The flag of Bulgaria was adopted in and consists of three horizontal bands of white, green and red. The flag of Croatia , adopted in December , consists of three equal horizontal stripes of red, white and blue, which has been the Croatian flag since In the middle is the Coat of arms of Croatia.
Flag of Cyprus [b]. The flag was officially adopted on August 16, Flag of the Czech Republic. The first flag of Czechoslovakia was white over red, and those colours are the heraldic colours of Bohemia.
The blue triangle was added to the flag in an effort to distinguish it from the flag of Poland , and blue is said to represent the State of Moravia. It is the world's oldest state flag still in use. Legend has it that it appeared as a sign from heaven to King Valdemar II in It was officially re-adopted on May 8, It was officially adopted on May 29, It was officially adopted on February 15, Flag of Georgia [a].
This recently adopted flag is a simple white rectangle, with a central red cross connecting all four sides of the flag; in each of the four corners is a small red cross. The flag is based on a historic five-cross design that dates back to the 14th century.
It was officially re-adopted on May 23, and subsequently used by West Germany while the country was divided into East and West before reunification in The current flag of Greece was adopted as a civil flag and ensign in , and as the national flag in The flag of Hungary was officially adopted in The flag of Iceland was adopted in June to represent Iceland.
In June it was instated as the flag of the independent republic of Iceland. Like other Scandinavian flags, it is based on the Scandinavian Cross. It is a reverse colour image of the Flag of Norway. The blue represents the sea, the white represents the snow and glaciers and the red symbolises volcanic lava. Although dating from the 19th century, the tricolour flag of Ireland was not popularised until its use by rebels during the Easter Rising.
The current Constitution of Ireland defines it as the national flag. Derived from an original design by Napoleon , it consists of three vertical bands of equal width, displaying the national colours of Italy: Green stands for hope, white for loyalty and red represent the blood spread to unify the country. Flag of Kazakhstan [d]. The flag of Liechtenstein consists of two horizontal bands of blue and red with a gold crown in the canton.
The flag of Latvia was officially re-adopted on February 27, The flag of Lithuania was officially re-adopted on March 20, , before Lithuania gained independence from the Soviet Union in The flag of Luxembourg was officially adopted in , although used since following Luxembourg's independence from the Netherlands in the late 19th century. The flag of the Republic of Macedonia depicts a rising yellow sun with eight rays extending to the edges of the red field.
It represents "the new sun of liberty", evoked in the Macedonian national anthem Denes nad Makedonija Today Over Macedonia. The flag of Malta was officially adopted on September 21, Moldova 's flag was officially adopted on May 12, Once part of Romania , Moldova's flag reflects that association, as the two countries use almost identical shades of red, yellow and blue in their national flags.
The centred Moldova shield's main feature is a golden eagle holding an Orthodox Christian Cross in its beak. The olive branch is said to symbolise peace. The flag of Monaco has two horizontal bands of red and white—these have been the heraldic colours of the House of Grimaldi since at least The flag of Montenegro , adopted in July , is a red banner bearing the coat of arms adopted in The coat of arms derives from those of King Nikola.
Flag of the Netherlands. The flag of the Netherlands was officially adopted on February 19, The flag of Norway is red with a blue Scandinavian cross outlined in white; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side in the style of the Dannebrog , the flag of Denmark. It was adopted in , but a union mark was added in the canton from to The flag of Poland was officially adopted on August 1, The flag of Portugal was officially adopted on June 30, The flag of Romania was officially re-adopted in A revival of interest in the flag took place in the s.
Since then, it has lost an association with separatism in the mind of the public and become a widely accepted symbol for all Brittany and Bretons. The older ermine field flag and black cross continue to be rarely used, though, by some individuals and groups. In blazons , the flag is Sable, four bars Argent; the canton ermine.
Traditionally, coats of arms could be displayed as a rectangular banner, as well as on a shield. Army flag and ensign 14thth centuries Historically, Bretons had used a black cross on a white ground, the inverse of Saint Piran's Flag of Cornwall. Little information is available about this flag before the 14th century.
The flag of the Duchy of Brittany. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article includes a list of references , related reading or external links , but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. June Learn how and when to remove this template message. Pinot noir Pee-know na-wahr One of the noblest red wine grapes. Pinot noir is difficult to grow, rarely blended, with no roughness.
The structure is delicate and fresh. The tannins are very soft; this is related to the low level of polyphenols. The aromatics are very fruity cherry, strawberry, plum , often with notes of tea-leaf, damp earth, or worn leather. Yet pinot noir is very transparent to the place where it is grown. The staggering range of wines produced makes it pointless to define which personality is the best expression of the variety. Sangiovese San-gee-oh-ve-zee Food pairings: Barbera Bar-bear-a Not as popular as Merlot but with similar attributes.
You may wish to read tasting notes of Barberas at La Spinetta. Thank you for bearing with me. You may be interested in related articles: A primer explains the basics of matching wine with food.
Another article recommends which types and districts to buy from. A primer on organizing wine tasting parties. Next releases You may be emailed when several tasting reports are issued if you write your email address below. There are about subscribers.
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